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What is PGD?
Many patients who contemplate IVF treatments are often older than 35 years of age and considered to be of advanced maternal age. These patients have decreased chances of achieving a pregnancy and higher chances of conceiving a child with a genetic disorder. The purpose of Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD) is to improve couple's chances of conceiving a healthy baby, to increase the odds of becoming pregnant, and to reduce their risk of having a miscarriage. Moreover, PGD can also be used for gender selection purposes.
The PGD is a relatively new technology and has been available since early 90’s. The test is used in conjunction with the assisted reproductive techniques. PGD offers embryologists and geneticists an opportunity to analyze the presence of chromosomal abnormalities and genetic markers in embryos before embryo transfers.
How does PGD work?
PGD involves a biopsy of the blastomeres in embryos obtained through Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI) fertilization. While the embryos are still growing in incubators, the clinic performs a technical study by In Situ Hybridization (FISH) for 5 colors, evaluating the 13, 18, 21 X and Y chromosomes. Moreover, our partner clinic has the ability to perform genetic testing using seven and nine chromosomes, if recommended by our doctors and desired by our clients. After 24 hours of diagnosis, and if the test does not show any abnormalities, doctors perform the embryo transfer.
PGD does not cause birth defects. Babies born after PGD are just as healthy as those born without PGD.
Our fertility clinics offer PGD testing and it can be added to your package for an additional fee of $2,500.
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